Contraception: General Understanding

Contraception: General Understanding

There are many different types of contraception with various efficacy in preventing pregnancy. They also come in different costs, ways of using it, and whether they have protections against sexually-transmitted infections (STIs).

If you have sexual intercourse, you are always at risk of pregnancy and STIs. Still, if you practice safe sex with only one partner (who is not infected and has no other sexual partners) and you make the right decisions on contraception, you can effectively reduce the risk.

Below here are lists of contraception based on their efficacies:

Most effective:

  • Abstinence
  • Female Sterilization with tubal ligation
  • Hormonal Implant
  • Intra-Uterine Device (IUD)


  • Combined Oral Contraceptive Pills (COCPs)
  • Synthetic Progesterone Hormonal Injections
  • Estrogen/Progestin Hormonal Injection
  • Hormonal Patch

Least Effective:

  • Male and Female Condom
  • Spermicide
  • Cervical Cap
  • Diaphragm
  • Withdrawal
  • Fertility Awareness Based Method (FAB)
  • Lactational Amenorrhea Method (LAM)

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