Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is an infection of the reproductive organs of the female. The virus can affect the vagina, cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. Typically, it started from the lower end of the genital tract, and gradually spreading upwards affected other higher reproductive organs.

What causes Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)?

PID is commonly caused by sexually transmitted diseases such as Chlamydia trachomatis or Neisseria gonorrhea.

PID can also be caused by normal good bacteria in the female’s genital tract. This can be due to a disruption of the flora bacterial environment in the genital tract. The possible responsible bacteria include:
 Streptococci, Staphylococci, Enterobacteria, Bacterial vaginosis

PID can be a subsequent spread of a recent infection near the female reproductive organs such as appendicitis, diverticulitis, peritonitis (infection and inflammation of the abdominal wall lining). PID can also be caused by pregnancy-related pelvic infection.

You can have a higher risk of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) if you:

  • Have unprotected sex
  • Have multiple sexual partners
  • Earlier age of first sexual encounter
  • Does douching of your vagina
  • Tends to use tampons
  • History of sexually transmitted diseases
  • History of pelvic inflammatory disease

What are the symptoms of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID):

  • Vague lower tummy pain
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge- abnormal color or unpleasant odor
  • Unexplained fever and chills
  • Pain during sex
  • Bleeding after sex
  • Bleeding in between periods
  • Painful urinating
  • Painful on passing motion

What happens when I see my doctor?

Your doctor will take a thorough, relevant medical history, and evaluate your symptoms by performing a physical examination, including abdominal and pelvic examinations.

You will be offered further tests, thereby confirming the diagnosis and further screening for potential complications.

Is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) treatable?

Treatment usually involves antibiotic course, targeted on the bacteria that causes the infection. You will be scheduled a close follow-up appointment to monitor the progression of disease. Patients who failed treatments or with worsening complicated pelvic infections may be required to be hospitalized or even surgical treatment.

Your sexual partners are advisable for screening and treatment, even though they may not show any symptoms.

It is imperative to seek medical treatment for Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID). In severe cases, PID can cause life-threatening infection of the pelvis and abdomen. In the long run, PID can consequently lead to chronic pelvic pain, infertility, and a higher risk of ectopic pregnancy.