Some Common STD in Singapore
Most times, a person might not realise that he/she has contracted Chlamydia as might not notice symptoms or are simply asymptomatic. Some patients may have a burning, itching sensation when passing urine. Clear discharge may also be noticed from the genitals.
In cases where Chlamydia affect the anal/rectal region, the patient may experience bowel movements with pain, or even the feeling of having to go again shortly after passing motion.
Should such symptoms be identified, it is advised to go for an STD test.
The most common symptoms for gonorrhoea for the presence of a greenish or yellowish discharge from their genitalia. Burning sensations or pain when passing urine can also be felt.
There are cases where Gonorrhoea can affect the anal/rectal region. In such cases, the patient may experience bowel movements with pain, or even the feeling of having to go again shortly after passing motion.
Should such symptoms be identified, it is advised to approach a doctor for an STD test.
Symptoms of a syphilis infection differs from stage to stage of the disease. In the earliest stage (10 days to 3 months after exposure), the first sign a patient may notice is a single ulcer or sore on the point the bacteria entered the body. This sore is painless, and can be hidden inside spaces that cannot be seen easily, such as inside the vagina or rectum. This will heal on its own, but does not mean the disease has been cured. This will mean that it is about to progress to the next stage in the syphilis infection.
In the secondary stage of syphilis infection, typically 2 to 10 weeks after the sore or ulcer appears, the patient may develop a rash. This rash consists of small, reddish or brown sores in the mouth, vagina or anus. Fever, headaches, muscle aches and swollen glands may also be present at this stage. If treatment is not administered immediately, the symptoms may go away, but may present themselves repeatedly for up to a year. Left untreated, the infection will progress into the next stage.
Not every syphilis patient will encounter the stage where the symptoms seem to disappear, in some cases, for a period of 10 to 30 years from the initial infection. This is known as the latent phase of the syphilis infection. This lack of symptoms does not mean the disease has been cured, but the bacteria is lying dormant in the body. Some of the cases in the latent stages will then progress to the final and most severe stage of the syphilis infection.
In the final stage of syphilis infection, the patient is at risk of organ failure and in some cases, death. The infection also causes complications in the brain, which may also lead to stroke. Other symptoms like numbness to touch, deafness or blindness may manifest. Changes to personality and dementia have also been known to affect patients at this stage.
HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS (HSV)
Commonly known as herpes, it can affect various parts of the body. Most often manifested as sores on the genitals or mouth. The herpes simplex virus is a contagious virus that can spread from person to person through direct contact, like kissing or sexual intercourse. There are 2 types of Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV)
Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1
Popularly known as oral herpes, is responsible for cold sores at the mouth and face areas.
The virus is highly virulent when the infected person is having a outbreak, though this virus may be contracted even from a asymptomatic person. Outbreaks might not happen even if you test positive for Herpes Simplex Virus Type 1.
Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2
Responsible for genital herpes outbreaks. This virus is contracted through direct contact with a person who has a herpes sore. It has shown that people are more at risk of contracting HSV from a carrier if they engage in sexual contact without use of barrier methods such as condoms.