Hay Fever is also medically termed as rhinitis. It can be divided into Allergic Rhinitis and Non-Allergic Rhinitis.
Female pattern hair loss is the most common type of hair loss seen in women. In males, this equivalent is male pattens hair loss, or androgenic alopecia. The severity of the hair loss in FPHL can vary individually.
Female pattern hair loss is due to a combination of hormonal and genetic reasons. Clinically, the hairs that are produced by the hair follicles become finer, shorter, and lighter over time, eventually, the hair follicles shrink and stop producing hair.
Hormones such as androgen (a type of masculine hormone) can be elevated in some patients with female pattern hair loss. They can be associated with an endocrine condition known as polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS). You are advised to discuss with your doctor on FPHL and to consider screen for PCOS.
Female Pattern Hair Loss is diagnosed through a good history of progressive thinning of hair, increase shredding of hair over the crown of the head and a family history of similar condition.
Clinically, your doctor will examine the scalp and hair to ascertain the pattern of the hair loss. Sometimes, your doctor may offer you blood tests to screen for underlying medical conditions or micromineral deficiency.
Do speak to your doctor on possible reversible causes of hair loss during checkup for FPHL.
There are both topical and oral treatment for female pattern hair loss.
More prominent initially over the vertex, then slowly becoming more diffuse and generalised over the scalp
Patchy bald patches over the scalp
Affects the scalp only
Mainly the scalp, can affect other body parts with hair distribution such as the brows, beard region
Duration of symptoms
Progression of symptoms takes years to decades
Symptoms occur more acutely over weeks to months
Genetic and hormonal underlying cause
Can be associated with medical condition such as PCOS, or thyroid disease
Autoimmune in nature, leading to inflammation of scalp folliciles and hair loss
Can be associated with thyroid disease
FPHL can be inherited. If you have family members, parents or siblings with female pattern hair loss, you may have a higher chance of developing similar condition.
Checking the skin or nail lesion with wood lamp involves shining a hand-held wood lamp device on the area of concern by your physician.
Cryotherapy or colloquially known as ‘cold therapy’ is a procedure that uses liquid nitrogen to deliver freezing cold temperature locally to destroy and remove abnormal skin lesion.
Electrocautery is a bedside procedure where your doctor will use an ‘electric pen’ to deliver high frequency electric current onto the skin to generate heat in order to stop bleeding or remove abnormal skin cells
A steroid injection is simple bedside procedure where your doctor will inject minute amount of steroid onto the skin.
Skin cancer screening is usually performed by your physician using a dermatoscope. Dermatoscope is a medical magnifying glass that allows your physician to visualize the size and shape of the mole that you are concerned of.
Fungal scrape and bacterial culture tests allow physician to confirm or debunk fungal/bacterial diagnosis of skin condition
Skin tags are benign. They are also known as acrochordons medically. They are small, soft overgrowth of the skin commonly located among the face, eyelids neck, armpit, groin, breasts and buttock folds.
An excision biopsy is a bedside procedure where your doctor uses a surgical blade to remove the entire skin lesion under the use of local anaesthesia.
A shave biopsy a bedside procedure where your doctor uses a surgical superficial shaving blade to remove the skin lesion under the use of local anaesthesia.
A skin biopsy, or punch biopsy, is a bedside surgical procedure where your physician will use a small knife ‘puncher’ to obtain a small skin sample under local anaesthesia.
Herpes zoster, commonly referred to as shingles, is a painful blistering rash caused by the varicella-zoster virus— the same virus that causes chickenpox.
Seborrheic Dermatitis is a common chronic inflammatory condition of the skin. It is categorized as a type of chronic eczema, affecting the body area that has more sebaceous glands. characterized by red, greasy scaly patches.
Living in a hot humid climate of Singapore, fungal infection of the skin is common. The fungus thrives and favors body areas that are moist and warm such as the armpit, breast folds, groin, buttocks, feet, toes or even nails.
Eczema is a common inflammation condition of the skin. Although eczema can occur any time in one’s life, it typically starts presenting when one is a child.
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition. It is a common skin disease that can affect 1 in 50 people.
Nearly 20% of people will get hives at some point in their lifetime. While they may not be life-threatening, hives can potentially cause both physical and emotional issues, particularly if they occur frequently.