In females, this occurrence is known as menopause. The male counterpart to this is known as Andropause.
Also referred to as prostate inflammation, prostatitis is a condition that causes infection, inflammation, and pain in your prostate gland. The primary function of the prostate gland is to manufacture seminal fluid that is produced during ejaculation.
Nearly 10-25% of men are likely to experience prostatitis during their lifetime.
The primary cause of prostatitis is infections, mainly from sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea and chlamydia. Certain microorganisms such as mycoplasma bacteria or ureaplasma can trigger prostatitis symptoms.
You can also acquire prostatitis from certain infections such as diabetes, benign hyperplasia, or inflammatory bowel syndrome; a condition in which bacteria can move freely through the colon wall to the prostate tissue. The transfer of bacteria to your prostate tissue can happen during certain medical examinations such as colonoscopy (endoscopic examination of your bowels) and cystoscopy, which refers to the medical examination of your bladder and urethra.
Other conditions that can trigger prostatitis symptoms include;
These conditions are easily confused with prostatitis, causing misdiagnosis and poor treatment.
Your doctor will establish the specific type of prostatitis you may be suffering from and will also have to rule out other conditions that could be causing your symptoms.
This is done through tests such as;
Your doctor may also ask questions including;
While prostatitis is generally a treatable condition, the course of your treatment will depend on the cause as well as the severity of your prostatitis symptoms.
As prostatitis is mainly caused by bacterial infections, treatment will hinge on the most appropriate antibiotic treatment. Treatment can last anywhere from a few days to weeks, depending on the severity of your condition.
For chronic prostatitis, you may need a combination of relaxation medication and therapies that target your pelvic floor nerve muscles or ESWT treatment. Note: Chronic prostatitis may take fairly longer to resolve.
You are strongly advised to call your doctor if you experience difficulty urinating, blood in your semen, incontinence or frequent urination, or pain while urinating.
If you strongly suspect that you may have contracted prostatitis due to infection, you are strongly advised to hold your urine for nearly two hours prior to your appointment to help enhance the efficacy of the exam.
Based on your symptoms, you may have to undergo a bacterial test should your doctor deem that necessary.
Male Pattern Hair Loss is also medically known as Androgenic Alopecia. It is a common condition in men, when this type of hair loss occurs in females, it is termed Female Pattern Hair Loss.
Peyroine’s disease is a rare condition that causes your penis to bend when erect, leading to painful erections.
PPPs are tiny raised bumps that appear on the shaft just below your penis’ head.
Balanitis is a type of skin inflammation that occurs over the head of the penis that commonly affects men.
Seeing blood in your semen can be very alarming, especially if you have never experienced anything like that before. This condition is medically referred to as hematospermia.
Testosterone is a male hormone primarily produced in the testicles.
Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH) is a medical term to describe a non-cancerous condition where the prostate is enlarged.
Delayed ejaculation, or impaired ejaculation, occurs when a man is consistently unable to get an orgasm and ejaculate even with sufficient sexual stimulation and arousal.
Ejaculation is the release of semen from your penis during an orgasm. When ejaculation happens faster than either you or your partner would like