Male Pattern Hair Loss
Male Pattern Hair Loss is also medically known as Androgenic Alopecia. It is a common condition in men, when this type of hair loss occurs in females, it is termed Female Pattern Hair Loss. Male Pattern Hair Loss can affect men at any age and can occur as early as men at the age of 20s.
What Causes Male Pattern Hair Loss?
It is a condition that runs in the family.
Hair undergoes a growth period known as the anagen phase which lasts 2-6 years. 90% of a person’s healthy hair is in the anagen phase. At this phase, the hair is thick and has a deep-seated hair follicle. The hair subsequently proceeds into a temporary period known as the catagen phase, which lasts 1-2 weeks. At this time, the hair follicle bases shrink. Eventually, the hair will move into the final phase known as the resting phase, or telogen phase, and this lasts approximately 3 months. After this phase, the hair will be dislodged and new hair will regrow through a new cycle.
In Male Pattern Hair Loss, due to the lack of male hormone known as dihydrotestosterone (DHT), the anagen phase is shorted from years to weeks and months. This also causes miniaturization of hair follicles and progressively lesser hair production over time. DHT is regulated and catalyzed by a hormone known as 5- alpha-reductase.
What are the Symptoms of Male Pattern Hair Loss?
Male Pattern Hair Loss runs an invariable characteristic pattern over the years in those affected. One will start off with an ‘M’ shaped hairline recession occurring over the front of the scalp. As the months and years go by, there will be evidence of a generalized thinning of hair. This is insidiously followed by loss of hair over the center of the scalp, giving rise to a ‘Mediterranean sea’ appearance. Eventually, hair loss will affect the front and the center of the scalp, leaving behind a rim of unaffected hair over the side and the back of the scalp. Very rarely, male pattern hair loss can cause complete baldness.
How can Male Pattern Hair Loss be treated?
- Hair lotions
- Oral tablets
- Hair Transplant
Living with Male Pattern Hair Loss
One may argue that Male Pattern Hair Loss is just a cosmetic issue. However, Male Pattern Hair Loss is associated with a negative psychological impact on a person. It is associated with lower self-esteem, depression and a feeling of worthlessness. With the greater influence of western culture locally and the rising popularity of social media, the emphasis on one’s attractiveness and physical appearance is at an all-time high. Hence, greater awareness of male pattern hair loss is important in maintaining one’s emotional and psychological wellbeing.