HIV is caused by a virus known as a retrovirus. The combination of medications used to treat HIV is known as antiretroviral therapy (ART).
Testing for Female
- Chlamydia swab test- This involves an internal examination, where the trained clinician will insert a speculum (plastic device) into your vagina, and use a brush swab to collect a sample from your cervix.
- Chlamydia urine test-Urine samples may be offered to some females as well.
Testing for Men
- Urine sample test- You are advised to provide a urine sample for screening of Chlamydia bacteria. It is important to hold your urine for at least 2 hours beforehand, as recent urine can wash the bacteria away affecting the test results.
In cases where the concerns of the rectum, throat, or eyes are infected, your doctor may offer swab tests to collect samples from the affected areas.
Currently, there is a single test to detect Neisseria Gonorrhea and Chlamydia Trachomatis bacteria. This is to screen concurrently for both STIs under one setting. Speak to your doctor about CTNG PCR DNA swabs/ urine tests.