How do I tell if I am having a severe food allergy reaction?
Anaphylaxis is the only serious complication that can result from an allergic reaction triggered by food. Common symptoms associated with anaphylaxis include:
- Swelling on the tongue
- Breathing problems
- Problem speaking or swallowing
Note: Anaphylaxis requires emergency medical attention, and an epi-pen should be immediately administered. If not addressed with utmost urgency, this condition can be fatal.
How are food allergies in Singapore diagnosed?
To correctly diagnose your food allergy, your doctor will have to conduct a food allergy test. Before carrying out the test, your doctor will ask you questions about your food allergy exposure history as well as your symptoms.
Generally, there are two specific tests that are recommended for food allergy:a blood test and skin-prick test. Your doctor may also place you under a food elimination diet to help identify the specific food you are allergic to.
- Skin-prick test
This is a simple test that involves placing the potential food allergen on your skin and evaluating how your immune system reacts toward it. The tested skin area is pierced with a small lancet to provoke a reaction.
How painful and uncomfortable is the skin-prick test?
There are no major side effects associated with this particular test. You may only experience some mild discomfort. Patients who are sensitive to the allergen tested may experience some itching, irritation, or swelling in the tested area.