What are vaccines?

The immune system is your body’s natural defense mechanism and works to combat foreign pathogens. Unfortunately, certain pathogens can overwhelm your immune system, leading to infection and illness.

Vaccines are products that help your immune system to fight off invading disease-causing pathogens. They offer the safest and most effective way to prevent certain diseases.

Vaccination is the safest way to protect yourself against infectious diseases. Once you are vaccinated, you’ll have the ability to fend off the disease should you come into contact with it. You will have some level of protection, or immunity, against the disease you are vaccinated for.

Note: If you are a frequent traveler, you are advised to have a very rigorous vaccination regimen because you are highly exposed to even more infections and diseases. Bearing in mind that everyone’s vaccination requirements are different, you should discuss your vaccination requirements and history with your doctor.

What types of vaccines are available in Singapore?

In Singapore, the most common vaccines on include:

MMR vaccinationProtects against measles, mumps, and rubella viral diseases
Recommended for those who didn’t receive it during childhood.
Women who are anticipating pregnancy and have never received the MMR vaccine should get vaccinated 90 days before attempting conception.
The MMR vaccine is offered in two doses, one month apart.
Flu vaccinationSignificantly minimize your risk of catching influenza.
People with compromised immune systems, the elderly, young as well as expectant mothers are at a higher risk of catching influenza.
Should be taken annually.
Pneumococcal vaccineProtects against bacteremia, meningitis, otitis media and pneumonia
There are two types of pneumococcal disease vaccines: Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Vaccine (PPSV23) and Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine (PCV13)
You should take both vaccines to enjoy the most protection from pneumococcal bacterial infections.
Tdap vaccine (Boostrix)Protects against tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough and pertussis.
This particular vaccine is part of the Singaporean National Children Immunization Programme.
Should be administered every 10 years.
HPV (9-valent vaccine)Protects against the various types of Human Papillomavirus.
Significantly minimizes your risk of developing cervical, vaginal and vulva cancers.
Protects against genital warts.
Good through 45 years old.
Varicella vaccineProtects against varicella-zoster virus.
Two-dose vaccine offered within a month.
Hepatitis A VaccineProtects against Hepatitis A.
Offered in two doses which are administered in a 5-12 month period.
Hepatitis B vaccineEven though the Singaporean National Immunization Programme includes the Hepatitis B vaccine, most people often lose their protection over time.
Your doctor will conduct a simple blood test to establish whether you need an additional vaccine or not. You may also choose to have the Twinix option that contains both Hepatitis A and B vaccines.

If you need more information regarding the types of vaccines offered in Singapore, or if there are some vaccines you’ve never had, don’t hesitate to give us a call!

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