HIV is caused by a virus known as a retrovirus. The combination of medications used to treat HIV is known as antiretroviral therapy (ART).
Diagnosis of Chlamydia STI
Testing for Female
- Gonorrhea swab test – This involve an internal examination, where the trained clinician will insert a speculum (plastic device) into your vagina, and use a brush swab to collect the sample from your cervix.
Testing for Men
- Urine sample test – You are advised to provide a urine sample for PCR testing of gonorrhea bacteria. It is important to hold your urine for at least 2 hours beforehand, as recent urination can wash the bacteria away affecting the test results.
- Swab test – This may be offered to collect sample from discharges over the tip of penis
In cases where the concerns of rectum, throat, or eyes are infected, your doctor may offer swab tests to collect samples from the affected areas.
Currently, there is a single test to detect Neisseria Gonorrhea and Chlamydia Trachomatis bacteria. This is to screen concurrently for both STIs under one setting. Speak to your doctor on CTNG PCR DNA swab/ urine tests. Testing if you are exposed to sexual contact with someone who has gonorrhea is highly recommended for both your and your partner’s well being.