Generic selectors
Exact matches only
Search in title
Search in content
Post Type Selectors

Vaginal Infection

Vaginal infection occurs when the microenvironment over these genital region is altered leading to overgrowth and/or colonization of pathogens, causing abnormal vaginal symptoms.
Consult Us Now!
Table of Contents

What is vaginal Infection?

Vaginal infection occurs when the microenvironment over these genital region is altered leading to overgrowth and/or colonization of pathogens, causing abnormal vaginal symptoms.

Experiencing vaginal discharge does not necessarily means vaginal infection. All women do invariably experience vaginal discharge throughout their lives. The womb, the cervix and vagina have secretory glands that produce fluid to keep the vagina area moisturized and clean.

Healthy vaginal discharge is usually watery (serous), colorless or milky white and odourless. Every woman has a different consistency and amount of discharge.

What are the common causes of vaginal infection?

Bacterial infection such as Bacterial Vaginosis (BV) , Ureaplasma spp, Mycoplasma spp, Trichomoniasis.

Fungal infection such as Candida albicans spp.

Sexually transmitted infections such as Chlamydia Trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhea.

Vaginal discharges and irritation can occur in ladies after menopause. This is due to the sharp depletion of body estradiol leading to vaginal thinning and atrophy, and this can lead to a condition known as atrophic vaginitis.

Other causes of vaginal infection include;

  • Retaining of tampon
  • Prolonged use of tampon
  • Use of fragrant tampons/ panty liners
  • Douching habits leading to irritation to the vagina leading to vaginal infection.

What are the symptoms of vaginal infection?

You may experience vaginal symptoms such as

  • Pain
  • Itch
  • Burning or hot sensation
  • Excessive and persistent vaginal discharge
  • Vaginal discharge with different color, thickness, consistency, odor
  • Painful urination
  • Lower pelvic or abdominal pain
  • Fever

Is vaginal infection painful?

Vaginal infection can cause pain, discomfort and reduce significantly a person’s quality of life.

Who is at risk of vaginal infection in Singapore?
Ladies with early age of first sexual encounter, history of multiple sexual partner, history of change of partner, underlying medical condition that affects immunity are at higher risk of vaginal infection.

How is vaginal infection diagnosed?
Vaginal infection can be diagnosed astutely from your history/symptoms, physical examination of your genital region, and vaginal swab tests. In patients with higher risk factor with symptoms to suggest pelvic inflammatory conditions, your doctor may advise for ultrasound pelvis as well.

What are the treatment options for vaginal infection?
Depending on the causes of vaginal infection, your doctor may prescribe you medication in the form of oral tablets, suppositories, wash, cream or gel. Your doctor may also counsel you on lifestyle management to reduce the recurrence of vaginal infection.


What is considered normal vaginal discharge?
Vaginal discharges can be normal and due to the change of body hormonal physiology. This typical occurs throughout the menstrual changes, hence the lady may experience a cyclical, pattern-like changes of discharges.

Ladies who are taking oral contraceptive pills may experience vaginal discharges as well. Oral contraceptive pills are made up of hormones to regulate menstrual cycle. These external hormones will affect the physiological environment of the vagina leading to discharges that are predictable and cyclical.

Pregnant ladies can experience normal vaginal discharges in view of hormonal changes when carrying their babies.
When should I worry of STD when I have vaginal discharge symptoms?
If you notice unusual vaginal discharge symptoms as above, you should see your doctor for checkup. Depending on your risk of exposure for example change of partner/multiple partner, your doctor may advise for STD vaginal swab tests to rule out men and women related infection.
Can vaginal infection recur?
If you are pre-diabetic, your blood sugar level is higher than normal, but not high enough for a diabetes diagnosis. It also means that you are at a higher risk of developing type two diabetes as well as other serious conditions such as heart disease and stroke.

Without the necessary lifestyle changes to improve their overall health, prediabetes people are likely to develop type two diabetes within 5 years. Early screening and lifestyle changes are paramount in preventing and slowing down progression of type two diabetes.
What is the role for a comprehensive vaginal swab test?
Your doctor may advise for a comprehensive vaginal swab test to screen for both female related vaginal infection and sexually transmissible causes of vaginal infection. This is because when a lady is experiencing an infection over the vagina, she is more susceptible for a subsequent (2nd/ 3rd/ 4th) vaginal infection.

To maintain good vaginal health, comprehensive vaginal swab test allows a quick check and holistic treatment of underlying infections. This will treat the root of the problem, alleviates symptoms, avoid/reduce the recurrence of vaginal infection.
Is it painful to do a vaginal swab test?
Vaginal swab tests are generally tolerated well among patients. You are encouraged to let your doctor know if you have low threshold for pain.
How is vaginal swab performed?
Vaginal swab tests can be performed in clinic settings. Your doctor will insert a speculum (sterile vaginal opening device) to examine the inner wall of the vagina and the cervix. Your doctor will then use various swabs and brushes to obtain sample from the vagina wall and the discharge fluid to send them for laboratory testing.
What is the turnover time for the vaginal swab test results?
Turnover time is around a week, as you may be experiencing vaginal discomfort symptoms, your doctor may prescribe you medication to alleviate the symptoms while waiting for the final results to be ready.

Related Articles

Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

In a healthy menstrual cycle, the reproductive hormones induce the ovaries to make the egg and release it every month.

Continue Reading →
October 30, 2019

Related Services

Implants, Patches

If you are in a serious, committed relationship and are not ready to have children, or simply want to have a modest family size, you might want to consider your birth control options in Singapore.

Combined Oral Contraceptive Pills

Combined oral contraceptive pills (COCPs) are a type of female hormonal birth control method that is effective in preventing pregnancy.

Vagina and Vulva Lumps and Bumps

Vagina and vulva lumps and bumps is a topic that many women find way too embarrassing to discuss with their doctor.

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) and Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD) affect 50-75% of women with regular menstrual cycles.

Painful Menstrual Cramps

Painful period cramps, also known as dysmenorrhea, can be a debilitating condition that affects many female’s quality of life — having this symptom monthly can be a big bummer in life.

Absent or Irregular Menses

Some women have absent or infrequent menses. While some ladies are not bothered with missing their menstrual period, a miss of 3 periods (either consecutively or throughout a year) warrants a visit of your doctor’s clinic.

Cervical Cancer Screening

Cervical Cancer Screening is essential in detecting early cancerous changes and cancer cells in the cervix.

Breast Cancer Screening

Breast Cancer Screening involves checking a woman’s breasts for cancer before any signs or symptoms of the disease by using a technology known as mammography to generate a mammogram x-ray of the breast tissue.