HIV is caused by a virus known as a retrovirus. The combination of medications used to treat HIV is known as antiretroviral therapy (ART).
Is an anal pap smear painful?
While the procedure is generally not painful, as it involves the insertion of a swab inside your anal region, you may experience slight discomfort.
You are strongly advised not to insert any object into your anal region for 24 hours before the procedure. Anal Pap Smear may be conducted yearly depending on an individual’s risk for anal cancer.
How can I prepare myself for an Anal Pap Smear?
It is highly recommended that you refrain from using either any creams or cells before you undergo the test. Failure to do so may affect the quality of the cell sample.
Should your doctor establish that indeed you have anal cancer, they will carry out imaging or ultrasound tests such as MRI to determine the severity of cancer.