A major component of health screening involves cancer screening.
Being obese is not just a cosmetic problem; it’s a major health concern that exacerbates your risk of other serious diseases and health issues, ranging from high blood pressure, diabetes to cardiovascular diseases.
There are a plethora of reasons why some individuals have trouble losing weight more than others. Obesity is a complex disease that occurs due to inherited, physiological and environmental factors, diet as well as physical activity choices.
Weight gain or loss can be explained using the caloric balance concept; input versus output (calories in calories out). If you utilize more energy than you consume from food, it’s inevitable that you’ll lose weight.
For instance, if you burn 500 more calories than your daily caloric intake, you will approximately lose 2 kgs per month.
You don’t NEED to exercise or eat healthy to lose weight or be in a calorie deficit – but doing those can significantly aid your efforts.
Although both conditions are characterised by excessive or abnormal fat accumulation, there is a slight difference in how they are calculated using body mass index (BMI).
According to WHO:
If you’re overweight or obese, the most encouraging thing you can do for yourself is to lose weight – with these conditions, even the slightest weight loss can improve or prevent health concerns associated with obesity.
In this respect, increased physical activity, eating a healthy diet and certain behavioral changes can help you lose weight. Weight-loss treatments and prescription medications are other options for combating obesity.
Whether you are looking to lose 5 or 50 pounds, shedding that extra weight can be a daunting task.
But as already explained, you don’t have to lose a ton of weight to experience the associated health benefits. Studies show that losing as little as 5% of your total body weight is more than enough to enhance your overall health in numerous ways.
The primary goal of weight loss treatment is to help you attain and maintain a healthy weight. The aim is always to reduce your risk of developing complications associated with obesity.
Note: All weight loss programs will require you to make changes in your eating habits and lifestyle.
The treatment techniques recommended for you will be based on:
Depending on your goals, apart from adjusting your eating habits and lifestyle, your doctor may prescribe weight loss medication if necessary.
Weight loss medications are intended to be used in conjunction with workouts, diet as well as behavioral changes. They should never be used as a complete substitute.
There are a few types of weight loss medications – here’s a summary of how they work:
Your doctor will ask you a couple of questions regarding your medical history, your workout regimen or routine as well as eating habits. They will likely recommend that you undergo medical examinations to check for the following:
These tests are very crucial because having excess weight can be a sign of a serious underlying health problem. Your doctor may also carry out a body assessment which will involve measuring your neck, waist, and arms. Any excess skin or fat hold that you may have will be measured and taken into account. Your heart rate and blood pressure readings will also be recorded.
Obstructive sleep apnoea, also known as OSA, is a condition characterised by repetitive upper airway obstruction during sleep, resulting in repeated blockage to breathing during sleep.
High cholesterol is a condition in which you have too many lipids (fats)
in your blood. It's also called hyperlipidemia or hypercholesterolemia.
Thyroid disease is an umbrella term for disorders of the thyroid gland, leading to over production or under production of the thyroid hormones.
Asthma is a chronic respiratory inflammatory condition that is associated with coughing, wheezing, breathlessness and chest tightness.
Also known as high blood pressure, hypertension is a health condition whereby the blood pressure is pumped around your body at high pressure.
Diabetes refers to a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar.
A good control of chronic diseases improves a person’s quality of life tremendously. Chronic diseases when left unattended, can lead to debilitating health conditions.
The immune system is your body’s natural defense mechanism and works to combat foreign pathogens.
General health screening is recommended for individuals of all ages, but the frequency and type of screening may vary depending on age, gender, and medical history.