HIV is caused by a virus known as a retrovirus. The combination of medications used to treat HIV is known as antiretroviral therapy (ART).
Colposcopy is a simple outpatient procedure performed by your trained doctor or gynecologist. A colposcope is an instrument that shines a beam of lights into the cervix and magnifies the area. Similar to pap smear, your doctor will insert a speculum into your vagina for visualization. The doctor will then perform a biopsy over the affected area for further cell evaluation in the lab.
What Happens If I Have Abnormal Cervical Cells?
Your gynecologist will discuss different treatment options for precancerous changes of the cervix.
In mild cases, you may be offered close monitoring with more frequent and regular repeat of pap smear or colposcopy.
In women with concerns of early cervical cancer changes with small invasions of the abnormal cells, your gynecologist may offer treatment options such as:
- Ablative treatment in the form of Laser or cryotherapy
- LEEP (Loop Electrosurgical Excision Procedure)
- Cone biopsy
Do not hesitate to discuss further the treatment with your doctor.